Expansion of random boundary excitations for elliptic PDEs
- Sabelfeld, Karl
2010 Mathematics Subject Classification
- 65C05 65C20 65Z05
2008 Physics and Astronomy Classification Scheme
- White noise, generalized random processes, Karhunen-Loève expansion, Poisson integral formula, random boundary excitations, Laplace equations, biharmonic equations, Lamé equations
In this paper we deal with elliptic boundary value problems with random boundary conditions. Solutions to these problems are inhomogeneous random fields which can be represented as series expansions involving a complete set of deterministic functions with corresponding random coefficients. We construct the Karhunen-Loève (K-L) series expansion which is based on the eigen-decomposition of the covariance operator. It can be applied to simulate both homogeneous and inhomogeneous random fields. We study the correlation structure of solutions to some classical elliptic equations in respond to random excitations of functions prescribed on the boundary. We analyze the stochastic solutions for Dirichlet and Neumann boundary conditions to Laplace equation, biharmonic equation, and to the Lamé system of elasticity equations. Explicit formulae for the correlation tensors of the generalized solutions are obtained when the boundary function is a white noise, or a homogeneous random field on a circle, a sphere, and a half-space. These exact results may serve as an excellent benchmark for developing numerical methods, e.g., Monte Carlo simulations, stochastic volume and boundary element methods.