WIAS Preprint No. 1793, (2013)

Computational haemodynamics in stenotic internal jugular veins



Authors

  • Caiazzo, Alfonso
    ORCID: 0000-0002-7125-8645
  • Montecinos, Gino
  • Müller, Lucas O.
  • Haacke, E. Mark
  • Toro, Eleuterio F.

2008 Physics and Astronomy Classification Scheme

  • 07.05.Tp, 47.11.-j, 47.63.Cb, 87.19.uj

Keywords

  • Computational haemodynamics, stenosis, internal jugular veins, anomalous haemodynamics, CCSVI

Abstract

Stenosis in internal jugular veins (IJVs) are frequently associated to pathological venous circulation and insufficient cerebral blood drainage. In this work, we set up a computational framework to assess the relevance of IJV stenoses through numerical simulation, combining medical imaging, patient-specific data and a mathematical model for venous occlusions. Coupling a three-dimensional (3D) description of blood flow in IJVs with a reduced one-dimesional model (1D) for major intracranial veins, we are able to model different anatomical configurations, an aspect of importance to understand the impact of IJV stenosis in intracranial venous haemodynamics. We investigate several stenotic configurations in a physiologic patient-specific regime, quantifying the effect of the stenosis in terms of venous pressure increase and wall shear stress patterns. Simulation results are in qualitative agreement with reported pressure anomalies in pathological cases. Moreover, they demonstrate the potential of the proposed multiscale framework for individual-based studies and computer-aided diagnosis.

Appeared in

  • J. Math. Biol., 70 (2015) pp. 745--772.

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