A tangential regularization method for backflow stabilization in hemodynamics
- Bertoglio, Cristóbal
- Caiazzo, Alfonso
2010 Mathematics Subject Classification
- 62P10, 76D05, 76M10, 76Z05
2008 Physics and Astronomy Classification Scheme
- 47.63.-b, 47.11.-j
- Navier-Stokes equations, backflow stabilization, blood flow, finite element method
In computational simulations of fluid flows, instabilities at the Neumann boundaries may appear during backflow regime. It is widely accepted that this is due to the incoming energy at the boundary, coming from the convection term, which cannot be controlled when the velocity field is unknown. We propose a stabilized formulation based on a local regularization of the fluid velocity along the tangential directions on the Neumann boundaries. The stabilization term is proportional to the amount of backflow, and does not require any further assumption on the velocity profile. The perfomance of the method is assessed on a two- and three-dimensional Womersley flows, as well as considering a hemodynamic physiological regime in a patient-specific aortic geometry.
- J. Comput. Phys., 261 (2014) pp. 162--171.