WIAS Preprint No. 1854, (2013)

Direct and inverse interaction problems with bi-periodic interfaces between acoustic and elastic waves


  • Hu, Guanghui
  • Kirsch, Andreas

2010 Mathematics Subject Classification

  • 74F10 35R30 78A45 35B27


  • fluid-solid interactions, bi-periodic structures, inverse scattering, factorization method


Consider a time-harmonic acoustic plane wave incident onto a doubly periodic (biperiodic) surface from above. The medium above the surface is supposed to be filled with homogeneous compressible inviscid fluid with a constant mass density, whereas the region below is occupied by an isotropic and linearly elastic solid body characterized by the Lamé constants. This paper is concerned with direct (or forward) and inverse fluid-solid interaction (FSI) problems with unbounded bi-periodic interfaces between acoustic and elastic waves. We present a variational approach to the forward interaction problem with Lipschitz interfaces. Existence of quasi-periodic solutions in Sobolev spaces is established at arbitrary frequency of incidence, while uniqueness is proved only for small frequencies or for all frequencies excluding a discrete set. Concerning the inverse problem, we show that the factorization method by Kirsch (1998) is applicable to the FSI problem in periodic structures. A computational criterion and a uniqueness result are justified for precisely characterizing the elastic body by utilizing the scattered acoustic near field measured in the fluid.

Appeared in

  • Inverse Probl. Imaging, 10 pp. 103--129.

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