A mixture theory of electrolytes containing solvation effects
- Dreyer, Wolfgang
- Guhlke, Clemens
- Landstorfer, Manuel
2010 Mathematics Subject Classification
- 78A57 35Q99 34B15
2008 Physics and Astronomy Classification Scheme
- 82.45.Gj 82.45.Mp 82.60.Lf
- Double Layer, Poisson-Boltzmann, Solvation, Mixture theory, Gouy-Chapman-Stern Model
In this work we present a new mixture theory of a liquid solvent containing completely dissociated ions to study the space charge layer of electrolytes in contact with some inert metal. We incorporate solvation shell effects (i) in our derivation of the mixing entropy and (ii) in the pressure model. Chemical potentials of ions and solvent molecules in the incompressible limit are then derived from a free energy function. For the thermodynamic equilibrium the coupled equation system of mass and momentum balance, the incompressibility constraint and the Poisson equation are summarized. With that we study the space charge layer of the electrolytic solution for an applied half cell potential and compare our results to historic and recent interpretations of the double layer in liquid electrolytes. The novelties of the new model are: (i) coupling of momentum- and mass-balance equations, (ii) calculation of entropic contributions due to solvated ions and (iii) the potential and pressure dependence of the free charge density in equilibrium.
- Electrochem. Commun., 43 (2014) pp. 75--78.