WIAS Preprint No. 2112, (2015)

Grad-div stabilization for the evolutionary Oseen problem with inf-sup stable finite elements


  • de Frutos, Javier
  • Garc'ıa-Archilla, Bosco
  • John, Volker
    ORCID: 0000-0002-2711-4409
  • Novo, Julia

2010 Mathematics Subject Classification

  • 65M60


  • time-dependent Oseen equations, inf-sup stable pairs of finite element spaces, grad-div stabilization, backward Euler scheme, two-step backward differentiation scheme (BDF2), Crank--Nicolson scheme, uniform error estimates




The approximation of the time-dependent Oseen problem using inf-sup stable mixed finite elements in a Galerkin method with grad-div stabilization is studied. The main goal is to prove that adding a grad-div stabilization term to the Galerkin approximation has a stabilizing effect for small viscosity. Both the continuous-in-time and the fully discrete case (backward Euler method, the two-step BDF, and Crank--Nicolson schemes) are analyzed. In fact, error bounds are obtained that do not depend on the inverse of the viscosity in the case where the solution is sufficiently smooth. The bounds for the divergence of the velocity as well as for the pressure are optimal. The analysis is based on the use of a specific Stokes projection. Numerical studies support the analytical results.

Appeared in

  • J. Sci. Comput., 66 (2016) pp. 991--1024.

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