WIAS Preprint No. 2188, (2015)

On the grad-div stabilization for the steady Oseen and Navier--Stokes equations


  • Ahmed, Naveed
    ORCID: 0000-0002-9322-0373

2010 Mathematics Subject Classification

  • 35Q30 76M10 65L60


  • incompressible Navier--Stokes equations, mixed fnite elements, grad-div stabilization, error estimates, stabilization parameter




This paper studies the parameter choice in the grad-div stabilization applied to the generalized problems of Oseen type. Stabilization parameters based on minimizing the H¹ (Ω) error of the velocity are derived which do not depend on the viscosity parameter. For the proposed parameter choices, the H¹ (Ω) error of the velocity is derived that shows a direct dependence on the viscosity parameter. Differences and common features to the situation for the Stokes equations are discussed. Numerical studies are presented which confirm the theoretical results. Moreover, for the Navier- Stokes equations, numerical simulations were performed on a two-dimensional ow past a circular cylinder. It turns out, for the MINI element, that the best results can be obtained without grad-div stabilization.

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